Urinary tract infections are mostly associated with women, but men are not immune from this health condition. Urinary tract infection in men can be just as uncomfortable and painful as it is in women.
It is a common bacterial infection that affects the urethra, bladder, kidneys, and the prostate gland. The urinary tract includes the kidneys, ureters (tubes that connect the kidneys to the bladder), bladder, and urethra (tube that carries urine out of the body).
The bacteria that cause urinary tract infections in men are often the same as those that cause infections in women, and they are usually transmitted during sexual intercourse.
Men over the age of 50 are also at an increased risk of developing urinary tract infections due to an enlarged prostate, which can partially block the flow of urine and increase the chances of infection.
1. Symptoms of urinary tract infection in men
Urinary tract infection (UTI) in men is less common than in women, but it is still a significant health concern that requires prompt medical attention.
Some of the symptoms of urinary tract infection in men include a frequent urge to urinate, painful urination, difficulty starting urination, a weak urine stream, blood in the urine, and discomfort or pressure in the lower abdomen or back.
Men with UTI may also experience fever, chills, nausea, and vomiting. It is crucial to seek medical attention if you experience any of these symptoms, as untreated UTIs may lead to kidney damage or other complications.
UTI may also cause some sexual dysfunctions like erectile dysfunction, premature ejaculation and pain during intercourse etc.
Your healthcare provider will perform a physical exam and urine test to diagnose UTI and prescribe antibiotics as the first line of treatment.
2. Causes of urinary tract infection in men
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are a common health issue experienced by both men and women, but they are more frequently seen in women. However, when a UTI is diagnosed in a man, it can be an indication of a more serious underlying condition.
There are several different causes of UTIs in men.
- The most common cause is an obstruction in the urinary tract, such as an enlarged prostate gland.
- Other possible causes include a history of urinary tract procedures, a weakened immune system, catheter use, and sexual activity.
- The symptoms of a UTI in men can be similar to those in women and may include frequent and urgent urination,
- Pain or burning during urination, and abdominal or back pain.
Timely diagnosis and treatment of a UTI in men is important to prevent complications and underlying conditions from developing.
3. Prevention of urinary tract infection in men
There are several steps men can take to reduce their risk of getting UTIs. First, it is essential to maintain good hygiene, especially when it comes to the genital area.
Men should wash their hands before and after using the bathroom, and wipe from front to back after urinating.
They should also avoid using irritants such as soap or harsh chemicals on the genital area. Read 10 tips to prevent UTI
Additionally, it is important to stay well-hydrated, to urinate regularly and completely, and, if possible, to urinate after sexual activity.
It’s learnt that drinking cranberry juice or taking cranberry supplements is beneficial.
Finally, men with a history of UTIs may consider taking preventive antibiotics or using certain bladder control products or supplements that have been shown to reduce the risk of UTIs.
By taking these preventive measures, men can significantly reduce their risk of developing UTIs and live a healthier, more comfortable life.
4. Diagnosis of urinary tract infection in men
Diagnosis of urinary tract infection (UTI) in men requires a thorough understanding of the patient’s medical history, physical examination, and accurate laboratory tests.
Typically, UTI can be diagnosed through a urine culture test, in which a urine sample is sent to the laboratory to check for the presence of bacteria.
The diagnosis of UTI in men becomes more complicated as there are many potential risk factors and underlying medical conditions, such as prostate enlargement or structural deformities, which may interfere with accurate diagnosis.
In some cases, imaging techniques such as ultrasound or CT scanning may be necessary to determine the underlying cause of the infection.
It is essential to consult a healthcare professional if you suspect a UTI to facilitate prompt and accurate diagnosis and subsequent treatment.
5. Treatments for urinary tract infection in men
Fortunately, there are several treatments available for UTIs in men. These include antibiotics, which may be prescribed for a period of several days to a few weeks depending on the severity of the infection.
Pain relief medication may also be prescribed to alleviate discomfort during urination. In some cases, if a more serious underlying condition is discovered, surgery may be required to address the issue.
It is important for men experiencing symptoms of a UTI to seek medical attention promptly to ensure proper diagnosis and treatment.
In conclusion, it’s important for men to recognize the symptoms of a urinary tract infection and seek medical attention as soon as possible. If left untreated, UTIs can lead to more serious complications such as kidney damage or even sepsis.
While they are more common in women, UTIs can and do occur in men as well. Maintaining good hygiene practices and staying hydrated can help reduce the risk of developing a UTI. With proper diagnosis and treatment, most UTIs can be cleared up quickly and effectively.